Water, gas, electricity, telephones, and other communication systems make up a large portion of the market for public utilities, which are designed to provide commodities and services that are seen as vital. Natural monopoly features might be found in natural gas pipelines or electrical transmission lines. If the infrastructure is present in a certain location, competition offers no advantage. In other words, economies of scale in production define these industries.
The many sorts of public utilities are numerous. Some businesses, particularly big ones, provide a variety of goods, such power and natural gas. Other businesses are specialized in a single item, like water. In order to provide sustainable electricity, contemporary public utilities may also source some (or all) of their energy from clean and renewable sources. The most frequently employed of these are solar and wind turbines.
How many utility workers are there in the US ?
In the US, there are about 1.5 million people in the utilities industry. The utilities for electric, gas, water, and telephone are included in this.
How Many Jobs Are Available In Public Utilities Field
Let see how many sectors are in the public utility field first.
The establishments that provide the following utility services make up the utilities sector: electric power, natural gas, steam supply, water supply, and sewage removal. The specific activities connected with the utility services offered within this sector vary depending on the utility: sewage removal includes the collection, treatment, and disposal of waste through sewer systems and sewage treatment facilities. Electric power includes generation, transmission, and distribution; natural gas includes distribution; steam supply includes provision and/or distribution; water supply includes treatment and distribution.
Electric Power Utilities Sector
More than 7 million American employment are supported by the electric power sector.
SEE THE 10 BEST PAYING JOBS IN ELECTRIC UTILITIES
A corporation in the electric power sector—often a public utility—that generates and distributes electricity for sale, typically in a regulated market, is known as an electric utility.
In most nations, the electrical utility sector is a significant energy supplier.
Investor-owned, publicly owned, cooperative, and nationalized companies all operate as electric utilities. They could be involved in every facet of the industry or just a few. Electric utilities include electricity markets, which act as brokers in the purchase and sale of energy but typically do not own or operate facilities for generation, transmission, or distribution. Local and federal governments regulate utilities.
The obligations placed on electric utilities are rising, particularly those related to reliability, regulation, and aging infrastructure.
Many jobs are available in Electric power utilities including :
- Electrical system control operator
- Electrical maintenance technician
- Electrical engineer/technologist
- Construction electrician
- Electrical espector
- Electrical drafter
- Power system technician
- Distribution junior engineer/designer
- Journeyman electrician
SEE THE 10 BEST PAYING JOBS IN ELECTRIC UTILITIES
Water Utilities Sector
Jobs in the water sector are held by around 1.7 million people.
Public sector water utilities operate under the administration of a governmental body, often a municipality, and offer water supply services as well as wastewater and sanitation services. Most of the urban population in the world receives water and sanitation services through public waterworks, which outperforms both private sector suppliers and community-based groups. Water utilities operated by the public sector are frequently criticized for their inefficiency and poor service delivery as a result of institutional, financial, and operational limitations. In order to increase the effectiveness of public sector water utilities, this tool offers an overview of these issues as well as suggestions for potential improvements.
Here’s a list of the best jobs in the water utilities sector :
- Drainage Engineer
- Boiler Inspector
- Boiler Technician
- Boiler Mechanic
- Water Well Driller
- Boiler Maker
- Pump Installer
- Boiler House Operator
- Dredge Operator
Natural Gas Utilities Sector
There are 102,560 people employed in the Natural Gas Distribution industry in the US.
The natural gas utility market is made up of the services and goods offered by gas utilities. Gas utilities offer services related to the natural gas transport, distribution, and delivery through pipelines. Among the ratepayers who get these natural gases are private residences, commercial establishments, and large corporations like power plants. Due to the relative monopolization of the gas utility sector, they are able to generate substantial amounts of money within their service areas. Numerous smaller, private utilities have been able to expand and consolidate as a result of deregulation. These operations cover the provision of natural gas along gas transmission pipelines from transfer stations, often referred to as hubs, to the stations where the gas is sent to distribution pipes in cities.
The transmission and distribution pipeline's infrastructure is equipped with pressure regulators in addition to valves, meters, and integrated control systems like SCADA systems. More than two million miles of natural gas pipes are owned by utilities and are located throughout the continental United States. Utilities must invest a large amount of money in these.
Best jobs in natural gas utilities :
- Distribution specialist
- Gas technician
- Construction supervisor
- Distribution center supervisor
- Project accountant
- Transportation manager
- Distribution manager
- Operations manager
- Environmental health officer
- Chemical engineer
- Drilling contractor
Steam Supply Sector
A total of 26 million occupations in the US, or 20% of all jobs, require some sort of STEAM knowledge.
An economical and effective method of giving industrial businesses power and heat is through the supply of steam. Depending on the region of application, the required steam production, steam pressure, steam temperature, and the type of fuel utilized, a variety of steam boiler designs can be used.
In the US, there are 675,775 employment in the public utilities sector. There are numerous high-paying and intriguing jobs in the public utilities business, including those for engineers, technicians, and inspectors.